Introduction

“Adoption is first a matter of identity or status. It comes with a name change and a new address: we now belong to God and to His kingdom; we now have a house key to heaven.”  Jonathan Cruse 

Definition: Adoption is the legal transfer from one family or situation into another family and is used in the NT to describe believers’ relationship to God. 

The Westminster Larger Catechism 

Q. 74. What is adoption?

 A. Adoption is an act of the free grace of God, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children, have his name put upon them, the Spirit of his Son given to them, are under his fatherly care and dispensations, admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the sons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow-heirs with Christ in glory.

When we hear these definitions of what adoption is we should be in awe by the grace and mercy of God displayed in our lives because as we read our bibles, especially the New Testament, we see that there are a variety of ways the bible describes who we were priority to coming to Christ and when you compare that too who we are now in Christ we should be left humbled because of the distinction between the two. 

  • In fact, this distinction between who we were and who we are now,is literally night and day
  • Prior to coming to Christ, we were children of the darkness 
  • Ephesians 5:8 reminds us that at one time we were children of darkness, but now in Christ, we are light and are therefore called to walk in the light.
  • In 1 Thessalonians 5:5, we are told that Christians are now children of the light and children of the day. Paul said that believers are not of the dark or of the darkness. 

Every child of God was once a child of darkness.

  • Speaking to the religious leaders of his day, Jesus sharply rebuked them for denying that they were slaves to sin, because of their denial of his true divine identity, Jesus reminded them that they did not have Abraham as their father, but instead, the devil was their father. 

John 8:44– “You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks out of his own character, for he is a liar and the father of lies.”

  • Listen to the description Paul gives to the saints in Ephesians and remember that prior to coming to Christ we were in this category as well. 

Ephesians 2:11-13– “Therefore remember that at one time you Gentiles in the flesh, called “the uncircumcision” by what is called the circumcision, which is made in the flesh by hands— remember that you were at that time separated from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Jesus, you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ.

  • In the same section of Scripture Paul goes on to describe what Christ accomplished at the cross saying that Jesus when dying on the cross tore down the dividing wall of hostility by abolishing the law of commandment expressed in ordinances; that he might create in himself one new man in place of the two and in doing so he made peace with us and reconciled us to God and to one another killing the hostility. 

At one time: 

  • we were at war with God
  • we were enemies of God 
  • but now through Christ, we have been reconciled to him and to one another, and In Christ we are now sons and daughters of God.  

Not only are these images of our depravity seen throughout the New Testament but there is a far greater image that had a greater impact than the image of our depravity. This image reminds us of the greatness of God in redeeming His people. 

Prior to coming to Christ we were spiritual orphans and spiritual vagabonds, but now in Christ, we have been adopted by God, We are now children of God.

Thomas Cole sums up the beauty of the Christians adoption by putting it this way,

 “Adoption translates us out of a Miserable estate, into a Happy estate.” 

C.S Lewis in his classic work, Mere Christianity said this, 

“The Son of God became a man to enable men to become sons of God.”  

For those of you who have turned from our sin and have trusted in Christ alone for your salvation, you can now join the choir of prayers that have been heard by God for centuries, which goes like this, “Our Father, who art in Heaven…” 

Main Text’s for Adoption: 

In the letters of Paul, there are four major texts where the Apostle describes the believers’ adoption. 

  1. We are going to read all four of those texts. 
  2. Then, I’m going to summarize all four texts  
  3. Then we are going to look at one of the four passages 
  4. Finally, we are going to look at the privileges and benefits of adoption in the believer’s life. 

Galatians 4:4-7- “In the same way we also, when we were children, were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world. But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons. And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!” So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God.

Romans  8:15-17– “For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.”

Romans 8:23– “And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.”

Ephesians 1:4-5– “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,”

Summarizing the four verses: 

  • In eternity passed, God the Father set his love on us in Christ by predestinating our election to salvation. 
  • Prior to our coming to Christ we were children of wrath and at the right time, God the Father sent his son who was born under the law to become a curse on our behalf. 
  • Christ perfectly kept the law of God on our behalf and by his life, and death he cleared the sin debt we owed God the Father, and he freed us from the curses and consequences of that law. 
  • Now, by faith in Christ’s sufficient work on our behalf, we are now free in him and are now seen as his sons and daughters who cry out Abba Father, knowing with full assurance that he hears us. 

Pastor Maurice Roberts, in his sermon, “The Doctrine of Adoption” said this concerning our adoption,  

“The Father in love eternally predestinated all Christians to this privilege of adoption. The Father sent his own Son Jesus Christ into the world to redeem us from the curse of the broken law so that we might enjoy this privileged status of adopted sons. Now that we are in Christ we do not have the Spirit of bondage but we have the Holy Spirit’s assurance that we are God’s children and can approach him with that confidence. The same Holy Spirit who dwells in us also gives us anticipatory groanings in our soul for the state of resurrection and glory which is the goal that God has appointed for us.” 

Brief Observations:

Ephesians 1:4-5– “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,

  • Christians have been given EVERY spiritual blessing in the heavenly places,
  • God the Father chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world. 

The Purpose: “That we should be holy and blameless before Him.” 

  • Our adoption was predestined by God the Father, through Christ and it was not done begrudgingly but was done in love, all of which was according to the purpose of his will.

The privileges and benefits of adoption

  • We live in a day where many people are making a big deal about the privileges certain people groups have and don’t have.
    • They say if you’re white you have been afforded these privileges and are therefore the oppressor by virtue of your skin color. 
    •  These say people say that if you are a person of color you are a victim by virtue of your skin color. 
      • These Marxist, and postmodern ideas on privilege have destroyed the lives of countless peoples and nations because they are founded on lies. 

That being said, to have Privilege is a real thing and there is no group of people on the entire planet that have more privilege than the child of God. 

We have Christ Privilege.    

  • As adopted sons and daughters of God, our identity is now found in our new status-We are children of God. That my friends is TRUE PRIVILEGE  
  • As adopted sons and daughters of God, we now have intimacy with God in prayer as you call Him Abba Father. 
  • By faith, we are now Joint heirs with Christ. 
    • By faith, what is His is now ours.  
    • We have been made Prophet, Priests, Kings 
      • As Prophets, we communicate God’s message on the Kings behalf 
      • As Priests, we offer forgiveness and reconciliation through the gospel by pointing sinners to Christ. 
      • As Kings we advance His kingdom with the gospel and that message will conquer the hearts and minds of sinners as it did with us. 
        • Once people come to faith we point them to God’s word to instruct them on how to live and we take dominion in every area of life for Christ sake, expanding His kingdom. 
      • As joint-heirs with Christ we now have the liberties, privileges and promises hidden in Christ. 
      • Because we have been adopted by God and he is now our Father we have been placed in a spiritual house with other brothers and sisters in him. 
      • Being adopted into the family of God reminds us that we are not alone. 
      • Not only do we have God the Father, God the son, and God the Holy Spirit as our own but we also have one another.
      • This reality should cause us to think outside of ourselves. 
      • How are we serving, encouraging, and building up other family members in the household of God?
      • How can we grow in our love toward our heavenly father as well as in our relationship to one another?
  • By faith, we now have a house key to heaven. 
  • I pray that we are in constant communication with our Heavenly Father and we access what is ours in Christ. 

Introduction

“Adoption is first a matter of identity, or status. It comes with a name change and a new address: we now belong to God and to His kingdom; we now have a house key to heaven.”  Jonathan Cruse 

Definition: Adoption is the legal transfer from one family or situation into another family and is used in the NT to describe believers’ relationship to God. 

The Westminster Larger Catechism 

Q. 74. What is adoption?

 A. Adoption is an act of the free grace of God,in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children, have his name put upon them, the Spirit of his Son given to them, are under his fatherly care and dispensations, admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the sons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow-heirs with Christ in glory.

When we hear these definitions of what adoption is we should be in awe by the grace and mercy of God displayed in our lives because as we read our bibles, especially the New Testament, we see that there are a variety of ways the bible describes who we were priority to coming to Christ and when you compare that too who we are now in Christ we should be left humbled because the distinction between the two. 

  • In fact, this distinction between who we were and who we are now,is literally night and day
  • Prior to coming to Christ, we were children of the darkness 
  • Ephesians 5:8 reminds us that at one time we were children of darkness, but now in Christ we are light and are therefore called to walk in the light.
  • In 1 Thessalonians 5:5, we are told that Christians are now children of the light and children of the day. Paul said that believers are not of the dark or of the darkness. 

Every child of God was once a child of darkness.

  • Speaking to the religious leaders of his day, Jesus sharply rebuked them for denying that they were slaves to sin, because of their denial of his true divine identity, Jesus reminded them that they did not have Abraham as their father, but instead, the devil was their father. 

John 8:44– “You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks out of his own character, for he is a liar and the father of lies.”

  • Listen to the description Paul gives to the saints in Ephesians and remember that prior to coming to Christ we were in this category as well. 

Ephesians 2:11-13– “Therefore remember that at one time you Gentiles in the flesh, called “the uncircumcision” by what is called the circumcision, which is made in the flesh by hands— remember that you were at that time separated from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Jesus, you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ.

  • In the same section of Scripture Paul goes on to describe what Christ accomplished at the cross saying that Jesus when dying on the cross tore down the dividing wall of hostility by abolishing the law of commandment expressed in ordinances; that he might create in himself one new man in place of the two and in doing so he made peace with us and reconciled us to God and to one another killing the hostility. 

At one time: 

  • we were at war with God
  • we were enemies of God 
  • but now through Christ, we have been reconciled to him and to one another, and In Christ, we are now sons and daughters of God.  

Not only are these images of our depravity seen throughout the New Testament but there is a far greater image that had a greater impact than the image of our depravity. This image reminds us of the greatness of God in redeeming His people. 

Prior to coming to Christ we were spiritual orphans and spiritual vagabonds, but now in Christ, we have been adopted by God, We are now children of God.

Thomas Cole sums up the beauty of the Christians adoption by putting it this way,

 “Adoption translates us out of a Miserable estate, into a Happy estate.” 

C.S Lewis in his classic work, Mere Christianity said this, 

“The Son of God became a man to enable men to become sons of God.”  

For those of you who have turned from our sin and have trusted in Christ alone for your salvation, you can now join the choir of prayers that have been heard by God for centuries, which goes like this, “Our Father, who art in Heaven…” 

Main Text’s for Adoption

In the letters of Paul, there are four major texts where the Apostle describes the believers’ adoption. 

  1. We are going to read all four of those texts. 
  2. Then, I’m going to summarize all four texts  
  3. Then we are going to look at one of the four passages 
  4. Finally we are going to look at the privileges and benefits of adoption in the believer’s life. 

Galatians 4:4-7- “In the same way we also, when we were children, were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world. But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons. And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!” So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God.

Romans  8:15-17– “For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.”

Romans 8:23– “And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.”

Ephesians 1:4-5– “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,”

Summarizing the four verses

  • In eternity passed, God the Father set his love on us in Christ by predestinating our election to salvation. 
  • Prior to our coming to Christ we were children of wrath and at the right time God the Father sent his son who was born under the law to become a curse on our behalf. 
  • Christ perfectly kept the law of God on our behalf and by his life, death he cleared our sin debt we owned God the Father, and he freed us from the curses and consequences of that law. 
  • Now, by faith in Christ sufficient work on our behalf we are now free in him and are now seen as his sons and daughters who cry out Abba Father, knowing with full assurance that he hears us. 

Maurice Roberts, “The Doctrine of Adoption” 

“The Father in love eternally predestinated all Christians to this privilege of adoption. 

The Father sent his own Son Jesus Christ into the world to redeem us from the curse of the broken law so that we might enjoy this privileged status of adopted sons. 

Now that we are in Christ we do not have the Spirit of bondage but we have the Holy Spirit’s assurance that we are God’s children and can approach him with that confidence. 

The same Holy Spirit who dwells in us also gives us anticipatory groanings in our soul for the state of resurrection and glory which is the goal that God has appointed for us.” 

Brief Observations:

Ephesians 1:4-5– “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,

  • Christians have been given EVERY spiritual blessing in the heavenly places,
  • God the Father chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world. 

The Purpose: “That we should be holy and blameless before Him.” 

  • Our adoption was predestined by God the Father, through Christ and it was not done begrudgingly but was done in love, all of which was according to the purpose of his will.

The privileges and benefits of adoption

  • We live in a day where many people are making a big deal about the privileges certain people groups have and don’t have.
    • They say if you’re white you have been afforded these privileges and are therefore the oppressor by virtue of your skin color. 
    •  These say people say that if you are a person of color you are a victim by virtue of your skin color. 
      • These Marxist, and postmodern ideas on privilege have destroyed the lives of countless peoples and nations because they are founded on lies. 

That being said, to have Privilege is a real thing and there is no group of people in the entire planet that have more privilege than the child of God. 

We have Christ Privilege.    

  • As adopted sons and daughters of God, our identity is now found in our new status-We are children of God. That my friends is TRUE PRIVILEGE  
  • As adopted sons and daughters of God, we now have intimacy with God in prayer as you call Him Abba Father. 
  • By faith, we are now Joint heirs with Christ. 
    • By faith, what is His is now ours.  
    • We have been made Prophet, Priests, Kings 
      • As Prophets, we communicate God’s message on the Kings behalf 
      • As Priests, we offer forgiveness and reconciliation through the gospel by pointing sinners to Christ. 
      • As Kings we advance His kingdom with the gospel and that message will conquer the hearts and minds of sinners as it did with us. 
        • Once people come to faith we point them to God’s word to instruct them on how to live and we take dominion in every area of life for Christ’s sake, expanding His kingdom. 
      • As joint-heirs with Christ, we now have the liberties, privileges, and promises hidden in Christ. 
      • Because we have been adopted by God and he is now our Father we have been placed in a spiritual house with other brothers and sisters in him. 
      • Being adopted into the family of God reminds us that we are not alone. 
      • Not only do we have God the Father, God the son, and God the Holy Spirit as our own but we also have one another.
      • This reality should cause us to think outside of ourselves. 
      • How are we serving, encouraging, and building up other family members in the household of God?
      • How can we grow in our love toward our heavenly father as well as in our relationship with one another?
  • By faith, we now have a house key to heaven. 
  • I pray that we are in constant communication with our Heavenly Father and we access what is ours in Christ. 

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